By Mary Nooter Roberts
University of California, Los Angeles
Political authority in Africa often takes the dual form of a public, visible dimension and a secret, invisible one. The two-sided nature of power is expressed through masquerades of the Cameroon Grasslands, where each local kingdom is supported and checked by a secret association called Kwifoyn that is its necessary antithesis. Many masks were produced in the congeries of small kingdoms dotting the high Grasslands.