Among the Baule of the Côte d’Ivoire, the role of the diviner is linked to nearly every level of society. Baule peoples believe in a parallel spirit world, in which humans leave behind their “spirit spouses” when they enter this world. When an adult Baule experiences difficulty assuming a gender specific role, as in the case of a man not marrying or a woman not being able to bear children, he or she may dream about the spirit spouse that has been left behind. The troubled person consults a diviner, who, through communication with the spirit world and interpretation of the dream, will prescribe the carving of a wooden figure, which will attract the spirit spouse. The afflicted person will then take care of the figure, feeding, dressing, and polishing in hopes of appeasing the otherworldly lover which it represents (Vogel 1980). Such figures are called waka snan (“people of wood”), for they embody the spirits of “people” in the parallel spirit world. They are carved with beautiful hairstyles and scarification to entice the spirit into inhabiting the figure.